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Scholars Online Course List

Scholars Online Course Catalog for 2021

Below is a list with descriptions of our current courses. Click on the course title for full details, including pre-requisites, textbooks, and links to individual course websites. You may find this useful to download and study when you are selecting courses.

For a summary list, check out the Scholars Online Course List for 2021.

To enroll in the courses below, create a member account (see Becoming a Member), then log in and use the menu from your secure account to create student accounts and enroll students in courses.

Summer Term courses for 2021

Latin
Latin TutorialLatin tutorials using Frederic Wheelock's Wheelock's Latin Grammar can be designed to cover specific chapters over one or two semesters to prepare new students or second year students to continue with Latin II or III, or to meet local school or college requirements. Students using the tutorial option will meet one or more times weekly in individual sessions with the instructor to address the student's specific level and needs. Section dates, times, and tuition TBD.
Tolle LegeTolleLege.jpgSt Augustine's Confessions is the most famous work by the most prolific Christian Latin author. This reading class will work through some of his dense and often difficult Latin at a relaxed pace accessible to students who have finished Wheelock's (or a similar introductory curriculum). Students will be encouraged to read and translate what they can; in weekly Chat meetings, we'll discuss their translations and try to make sense of anything they haven't understood. If possible, a historian of Roman religion will also give one Zoom lecture with discussion of Augustine's historical context.1: E. Gassman
Tu 3:30 PM-5:00 PM
$225.00
Literature
Looking at Middle-earthMEReduced.gifBased on the books, not the movies, this course considers many facets of J. R. R. Tolkien’s mythic creation, especially as embodied in The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings. (Acquaintance with The Silmarillion or the multi-volume History of Middle-earth won’t go amiss, but is not required.) In a fairly free and un-pressured context, we look at Tolkien’s world-building, his use of language, his theology of “subcreation”, and certain facets of his life and professional work as a philologist that have a bearing on the vision he created. I’ve been a fan of Tolkien’s works since I was thirteen, and never tire of sharing them with a new generation.1: B. McMenomy
Tu 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$250.00
Summer Shakespeare ISummerShake1.jpgA lively march through nine Shakespeare plays, one per week. The goal here is to familiarize students with the breadth of the Bard's work, and provide basic tools for understanding and enjoyment. A student taking the full range of literature courses through Scholars Online (five years) will have the opportunity of covering nine plays there; this will double the exposure to eighteen. The coverage here is of course not especially deep, but we do get into lively discussions of the texts, their characters, their themes, and their language that can lead to further study and reflection. We accordingly introduce a range of plays from all three sorts — comedy, tragedy, and history.1: B. McMenomy
We 1:00 PM-3:00 PM
$250.00
Philosophy
Plato’s EuthyphroEuthyphro.jpgPlato’s dialogue the Euthyphro is a good introduction to Plato and his depiction of his teacher, Socrates. The dialogue is short, fewer than a dozen pages in most editions, but it raises questions that remain of philosophical interest. This course will focus on various topics, including the famous “Euthyphro Dilemma,” which asks whether good actions are whatever the gods approve or whether the gods approve good actions because they recognize them to be good. This is actually more of a dilemma for Christians than it was for the Greeks. This course will also introduce information about Greek history and religion.1: K. Oles and B. McMenomy
Fr 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$225.00
Programming
HTML BasicsThis course introduces the elements of HTML (hypertext markup language) used in webpage production, with an emphasis on the fundamentals of web page mechanics and design. Students will learn how HTML tags control page layout, fonts, links, lists, tables; they will create simple forms to collect information, and use cascading style sheets to change the look and feel of their website. We will also discuss site design and readability, and explore internet resources to continue development of basic skills. (Course uses HTML5 conventions).1: C. McMenomy
We 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$225.00
Writing
How to Become a Precocious StudentPrecociousStudent.jpgLearn the study methods of master students! Students often struggle with basic study skills, superficially passing over material in an effort to finish assigned tasks and check them off, but not really understanding or retaining what they are learning. In this eight-week course, we'll look at critical study skills every student needs, including how to make friends with your textbook, decipher graphical information, memorize important facts, and manage time for both short term and long term projects. We'll also talk about the importance of concentration and contemplation in mastering complex material. Chat sessions will meet twice each week to accommodate students' varying summer schedules. Come to either chat session or both! Students completing this summer course will receive $50 credit toward each academic year 2021-2022 course they enroll in (this includes students already enrolled for our fall courses). Credits may not be transferred.1: C. McMenomy and B. McMenomy
We 8:00 PM-9:30 PM • Fr 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$200.00
Molding Your ProseMYP.jpgThis course fosters familiarity with the writing process by asking the student to write a sequence of exercises based on the same basic narrative material. Along the way, students learn that written material does not steer itself: it can be adapted almost infinitely to a variety of forms and requirements. In this respect, it is an introduction to both other writing courses and to literary study.1: B. McMenomy
Tu 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$225.00
Practical GrammarPracticalGrammar.jpgReview the rules of standard written English by revising your own work! We will look at basic sentence structure, noun-verb agreement, pronoun references, proper user of modifiers, and other common mistakes inexperienced writers often make. By the end of the course students will be able to recognize and correct these, and write with more confidence. 1: C. McMenomy
Tu 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$200.00
Writing the Research PaperResearchPaper.jpgThis course helps students develop a disciplined approach to writing the research paper: a sustained activity requiring imagination, introspection, research, organization, and of course, writing! We will learn how to identify an appropriate topic, perform initial research to refine the topic, carry out more detailed research and take notes, organize our results, outline and draft the formal paper using one of several common formats, create a bibliography, proofread and present our final version. 1: C. McMenomy
Tu 9:30 AM-10:50 AM
$225.00
Molding Your ArgumentMYA.jpgModeled on "Molding Your Prose", this course involves developing a sequence of arguments from the same topics by varying their structure to correspond to a range of pre-defined forms, from simple thesis statements and simple paragraphs, through the five-paragraph essay, the Thomistic scholastic model, and the Roman rhetorical outline applied by Cicero and his contemporaries. 1: B. McMenomy
We 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$225.00

Academic Year courses for Fall 2021 - Spring 2022

Greek
Greek IIGreek12.jpgThis course continues with Units 11-20 of the Hansen and Quinn introductory textbook. By the time they have finished, students should have mastery of a core vocabulary, all significant inflectional forms, and the main syntax of Greek, and be prepared to tackle Attic Greek readings. In the past, students completing only Greek II have tested into upper-division Greek courses in college. The New Testament should also be fairly easy to read at this point.1: S. Esposito
TBD with enrolled students.
$550.00
Greek IIIGreek3.jpgContinuing on the basis of Greek I-II, we now branch out into the reading of a variety of materials from an intermediate Greek reader, and then progress through as much of Socrates' Apology as time allows. (In recent years, we have been able to complete the whole of the Apology.) The goal is to move from mastery of forms and constructions to a synthetic fluency in reading Greek.1: B. McMenomy
Mo 4:00 PM-5:30 PM • We 4:00 PM-5:30 PM
$600.00
Greek VGreek5.jpgAn introduction to Attic drama, based upon E. R. Dodds' very thorough student edition (with commentary) of Euripides' Bacchae. We will read the entire play through the year, and discuss its linguistic and artistic challenges, as well as the nature of text survivals from the ancient world.1: B. McMenomy
TBD with enrolled students.
$500.00
History
World History IIWorldHistory2.jpgYear two of this two-year World History continues the overview of political, social, and economic developments in all parts of the world, beginning with the Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment, then continuing with the colonization of Africa, the rise of the Ottoman Empire in Asia, the continuity of dynastic rule in China and the development of the shogunate order in Japan. Focus then shifts to the revolutions in America and Europe and the Industrial Revolution, the rapidly changing economics and power struggles of imperialism, and the struggle for national identity in the wake of World War I. Most of the later part of the course focusses on developments in the twentieth century, including the rise and fall of superpowers and the stuggle over globalization. Lectures and readings provide students with a solid grounding in the key names, dates, civilizations, and movements of world history, while seminar-type live chat discussions help students develop the tools of historiography and explore unifying themes on the use of resources, the establishment of communities, and the expression of power across time periods and geographical boundaries. Dr. Christe McMenomy and Mrs. Sarah Esposito provide different interpretations of key movements and events, helping students develop their own interpretations of history.1: C. McMenomy and S. Esposito
Mo 4:00 PM-5:30 PM • We 4:00 PM-5:30 PM
$550.00
Latin
Latin ILatin12.jpgLatin I and Latin II together provide the elements of the language in a disciplined context, with an emphasis on mastery of inflections and syntactical constructions, using Frederic Wheelock's Wheelock's Latin Grammar. The first year covers the first twenty chapters of the book.1: S. Dennis
Mo 9:00 AM-10:30 AM • We 9:00 AM-10:30 AM
$600.00
2: S. Dennis
Tu 9:00 AM-10:30 AM • Th 9:00 AM-10:30 AM
$600.00
Latin IILatin2.jpgLatin II continues the elementary course begun in Latin I, covering the last twenty chapters of Wheelock's Latin Grammar. By the end of the course, students have encountered representative passages of a variety of prose and poetry, and are prepared to continue with a wide range of material.1: S. Dennis
Mo 10:30 AM-12:00 PM • We 10:30 AM-12:00 PM
$600.00
2: S. Dennis
Tu 10:30 AM-12:00 PM • Th 10:30 AM-12:00 PM
$600.00
Latin IIILatin3.jpgUsing the long-established and brilliantly annotated collection From Aeneas to Augustus, this course offers a range of engaging readings on the history of Rome from its foundation down to the end of the Republic. Students will find old favorite stories and discover new ones — from semi-mythical narratives like the story of Horatius at the bridge to wry personal letters of Cicero. Throughout we’ll be systematically reviewing both the grammatical basics that were covered in the elementary Latin sequence and building a framework for understanding Roman history, all of which will continue to be useful in understanding the material of Latin IV.1: B. McMenomy
Tu 4:00 PM-5:30 PM • Th 4:00 PM-5:30 PM
$600.00
Latin IV (Caesar and Vergil)Latin4.jpgThis course lets students confront continuous Latin writings in their original form — extensive prose passages from Caesar’s stirring (and sometimes disturbing) De Bello Gallico and the unsurpassed poetry of Vergil’s Aeneid. We deal with the technical issues of the Latin language, but also with its subtler nuances and the literary features of both works, taken together with their cultural and political contexts. We begin with fairly moderate readings; as students improve in fluency and stamina, they work up to reading about 120 lines of Vergil a week.

The course follows the College Board’s 2012 revised curriculum for AP Latin (Caesar and Vergil). It cannot be called AP Latin, since I am not seeking official approval from the College Board, but our students routinely go on to take the exam and to do well in it. Taking the AP Exam is not required but a student who completes the course successfully should be well prepared for it.
1: B. McMenomy
Mo 11:00 AM-12:30 PM • Th 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$600.00
Latin V (Latin Literature)Latin5.jpgFor capable and seasoned students who still retain a sense of fun, this course focuses on the range and variety of Latin lyric poetry through the works of Catullus (humorous, allusive, and changeable) and Horace (often more serious, but equally brilliant). Our goal here is to appreciate the works as poetry on their own, as well as examples of the Latin language, building on the poetical foundations we began to build in Latin IV. Between them the two poets encompass an astounding range of tonality and temperament.

The course follows the College Board’s now-extinct curriculum for AP Latin Literature (Catullus was required; Horace was selected from a list of options). While that AP exam is no longer being offered, its material remains timeless and engaging.
1: B. McMenomy
Fr 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$550.00
Literature
Fairy Tales, Myths and FolkloreFairyTales.jpgThis class is primarily for students in 6th-8th grade. The purpose of the class is to introduce students to the basics of grappling with a story and asking questions about it. Using classic texts, students will be asked to use their critical thinking to cover the full narrative spectrum of each story, from overarching concepts and plot to fine details and character development.1: A. Dascalu Nelson
Tu 2:00 PM-3:30 PM • Th 2:00 PM-3:30 PM
$550.00
The Thought Plickens: Learning to Think CriticallyPlickens.jpgThis class is primarily for students in 6th-8th grade. The purpose of this class is to prepare students of a younger age group for the more intensive reading and critical thinking (i.e. the five paragraph essay) assignments of high school. It will introduce the students to novels that have a deeper subtext, that are applicable to transitioning into their teenage years and in some cases an awareness to social structures in the world at large. In addition to the aforementioned overarching concepts of the novel, there will be a focus on reading for details as well. Students are essentially being taught to be literary detectives - seeking out general plot themes and picking apart the minutiae of character, narrative and historical background.1: A. Dascalu Nelson
Tu 12:00 PM-1:30 PM • Th 12:00 PM-1:30 PM
$600.00
World LiteratureWorldLit.jpgBased on a broad anthology, this course examines the variety of literary genres and types in a range of cultures from the earliest times to the present day. We discuss a variety of topics  alongside the readings themselves, including the problems of translation, the nature of excerpts, the nature of the hero, the formation of an authorial voice, and genres such as lyric, drama, proverb, myth, and epic. We also get a chance to read three major plays entire — Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex, Shakespeare’s The Tempest, and Ibsen’s A Doll’s House. The class is not overly demanding, but can be a lot of fun, and a comfortable introduction to reading and thinking in a literary mode.1: B. McMenomy
Tu 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$550.00
Western Literature to DanteWLit2Dante.jpgAn extensive exposure to the literature of ancient and mediaeval times, from scripture through mediaeval epic and romance, this tough but engaging course is unlike any other you are likely to find. It requires a large amount of reading, while exploring its themes and problems at a fairly high level, weighing what is alien and what is familiar to us in cultures separated from us by long stretches of history. It also serves as an introduction to classical literature for those who want to pursue Greek and/or Latin seriously beyond the mere rudiments of the language. It has also been taken on several occasions by adults, who are more than welcome to participate if they behave themselves.

Taught continuously since 1996, this course has often been cited by graduating seniors as their favorite class in the literature sequence; many of them have continued to study classics or mediaeval literature in college. It is occasionally supplemented by a Western Literature to Dante II course, which covers (mostly) the same time period, but goes through a completely different body of literature.
1: B. McMenomy
Mo 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$550.00
English LiteratureEnglishLit.jpgWe survey English literature historically from the earliest survivals to the twentieth century, tracing the development of themes, ideas, and techniques of writing, as well as looking at the long and fascinating history of the language itself.

The course is built around a very solid textbook, England in Literature, part of the “America Reads” series from Scott, Foresman. It is unfortunately out of print, but copies remain available. We supplement the readings with a couple of Shakespeare plays and a few novels, and some incidental smaller items made available online.

From a pedagogical point of view, the course introduces the idea of close reading of texts: whereas Western Literature to Dante focuses on extensive reading of a wide range of material, all of it in translation, English Literature is more intensive: it looks at a smaller body of material more closely. In part this is possible because we will be examining most of the texts as they were originally written, with only the occasional minor adjustments for spelling. The Old and Middle English materials (not normally accessible to high school students without considerable specialized language study) are given here in modern translations, but beginning in the Renaissance, texts are as originally written. Throughout the course we try to mold careful and analytical readers, responding to the literature with a discerning and charitable eye. Students especially intrigued by the older forms of English are welcome to take Old English when we offer it.
1: B. McMenomy
We 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$550.00
American LiteratureAmLit.jpgThis course examines the rich, varied, and occasionally quirky textures of American literature from colonial times to the late twentieth century. Once again, we take a generally historical approach to the material, tracing the development of particular themes, ideas, and techniques of writing, and examining the kaleidoscopic interactions of the many strands of the American population and culture.

While Western Literature to Dante emphasized extensive reading and English Literature focused on intensive reading, this course puts the two together. We read for the long view and zoom in on occasion for close scrutiny where it is warranted. In the process, we dig into issues of theme and symbolic language in the works of the great nineteenth-century masters Melville and Hawthorne, and the evolution of different approaches to realism in its various guises. We also spend some time examining modern critical writing. Those who plan to go on to take literature courses in college are well advised to be at least forewarned about some of the directions critical thought has taken.

The textbook for the course is The United States in Literature, which, like England in Literature, is part of the “America Reads” series from Scott, Foresman. The series has long since gone out of print, and nothing nearly as good has emerged to replace it, but happily used copies are still available and circulating fairly freely. A number of novels and plays take their place alongside the course textbook.
1: B. McMenomy
We 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$550.00
Senior English (Literature)SrEnglish.jpgThis is possibly the toughest course you will ever take. So people tell me after college. It’s not hard to pass; it’s just a lot of continuous and serious work, including a huge amount of writing — thirty papers, give or take one or two. I grade those brutally and then scale the results generously. Overall, my plan is to stretch your capacities and challenge your assumptions. The class is partly a composition course, partly a course in literary theory, partly an exploration of propositional logic, and a little left over that’s pure fun.

In terms of content, the course fills some of the gaps left by the other courses in the literature sequence, and to revisit older authors and topics of particular importance, while helping to build a greater synthetic understanding of literary operations and theory, and a stronger proficiency in writing. Accordingly it includes some French classicism, the Russian novel, early German romanticism, and the English gothic as well as more Shakespeare, Greek tragedy, Hawthorne, Melville, and Austen.

We primarily read modern literature in the western tradition, with a few excursions into areas that seem too important to ignore — some of which are also specially noted as relevant in the College Board's AP materials, since the other point of this class is to address the requirements of the College Board Advanced Placement English program, leading to the AP exam. It is not an officially approved AP course; meeting the College Board’s qualifications would, I am persuaded, require me to dumb the course down. Taking the AP Exam is not required.
1: B. McMenomy
Tu 1:00 PM-2:30 PM • Th 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$700.00
Western Literature to Dante IIWLit2Dante2.jpgAn occasional course offered for students who have an extra year to spend in literary studies, with special focus on classical and mediaeval materials, this course covers roughly the same chronological ground as Western Literature to Dante, but concentrating on different authors and a range of different works by the same authors.1: B. McMenomy
Fr 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$500.00
Mathematics
Algebra 1Algebra I is the gateway course for college admissions. This course examines 1) the acquisition, analysis, and display of data (graphs and charts), 2) multiple representations of linear and quadratic relations, equations, inequalities, and functions, and 3) factoring and multiplying expressions. As time permits, we may examine 1) experimental and theoretical probability and 2) simple trigonometry. Throughout, careful reasoning and real understanding are encouraged and prized. 1: J. Hogan
Mo 8:00 AM-9:00 AM • We 8:00 AM-9:00 AM • Fr 8:00 AM-9:00 AM
$500.00
GeometryGeometry.jpgIn this course, you will develop a logical system of thought. You will examine the properties of geometric shapes, and make conclusions about them using your logical system. This course covers most of Euclidean Geometry and some modern Geometry using traditional western tools of compass and straightedge and eastern tools of paper folding (origami) and modern tools (Geometer Sketchpad). Analytic Geometry is included to reinforce previously learned Algebra skills. The early part of the course has the students investigating geometric phenomena and collecting conjectures about what they see. Later on the students prove the conjectures they have collected. Topics may include: similar and congruent figures, angles, geometric proofs, conjectures, counter examples, if-then statements, inductive and deductive reasoning, valid and invalid reasoning, postulates and proof, coordinate geometry, transformational geometry, transformation matrices, special right triangles. Class sessions will take place using a virtual white board over ZOOM. All class sessions are archived for review by the students or if the student is unable to attend for any reason. Students will receive a secure invitation from the instructor to attend class sessions. The student will be able to download a set of Guided Notes from the Moodle for each chapter. These will assist our work together and help to make connections between the readings, the class discussions and the homework. Homework will be assigned and discussed during class time. ALL quizzes and tests will be posted on the Moodle and will be available to be downloaded by the student when the student and their parent are both notified by email. They are to be competed and returned to the instructor for evaluation. Students will have an opportunity to correct all assessments to show mastery. It is the responsibility of the parents to supervise their student while completing each assessment. The evaluations will be returned to both the student and parent. Progress reports will be sent out to the student and parent on a regular basis. 1: A. Mabbott
Mo 11:00 AM-12:00 PM • We 11:00 AM-12:00 PM • Fr 11:00 AM-12:00 PM
$500.00
Algebra 2 (Advanced Algebra)AdvAlgebra.jpgAs far as possible, students are allowed to investigate algebraic concepts and processes before being introduced to the formulas and symbolic representations. Topics for exploration will include: linear, quadratic, exponential, logarithmic, rational, and irrational functions. You will expand your understanding of the number system to include complex numbers, and you will develop an understanding of the concepts of elementary trigonometry, elementary probability, and sequences and series. You also will learn to model real-world problems using these concepts. A graphing calculator will be required at this level and beyond. Class sessions will take place using a virtual white board over ZOOM. All class sessions are archived for review by the students or if the student is unable to attend for any reason. Students will receive a secure invitation from the instructor to attend class sessions. The student will be able to download a set of Guided Notes from the Moodle for each chapter. These will assist our work together and help to make connections between the readings, the class discussions and the homework. Homework will be assigned and discussed during class time. ALL quizzes and tests will be posted on the Moodle and will be available to be downloaded by the student when the student and their parent are both notified by email. They are to be competed and returned to the instructor for evaluation. Students will have an opportunity to correct all assessments to show mastery. It is the responsibility of the parents to supervise their student while completing each assessment. The evaluations will be returned to both the student and parent. Progress reports will be sent out to the student and parent on a regular basis. 1: A. Mabbott
Mo 1:00 PM-2:00 PM • We 1:00 PM-2:00 PM • Fr 1:00 PM-2:00 PM
$500.00
Pre-Calculus with TrigonometryPreCalcTrig.jpg Pre-Calculus, is the bridge course to Calculus. We will integrate rigorous real world mathematical scenarios with technology - Calculator and Dynamic Software. We will cement the concept that variables really vary. Beyond the traditional topics, we will be able to study concepts such as harmonic analysis of complex wave patterns and logistic functions for restricted populations growth. We will examine problems from multiple perspectives - graphical, tabular, functional, and situational. And we will revisit one of our tools from Geometry to assist us in our analysis of complex functions. Class sessions will take place using a virtual white board over ZOOM. All class sessions are archived for review by the students or if the student is unable to attend for any reason. Students will receive a secure invitation from the instructor to attend class sessions. The student will be able to download a set of Guided Notes from the Moodle for each chapter. These will assist our work together and help to make connections between the readings, the class discussions and the homework. Homework will be assigned and discussed during class time. ALL quizzes and tests will be posted on the Moodle and will be available to be downloaded by the student when the student and their parent are both notified by email. They are to be competed and returned to the instructor for evaluation. Students will have an opportunity to correct all assessments to show mastery. It is the responsibility of the parents to supervise their student while completing each assessment. The evaluations will be returned to both the student and parent. Progress reports will be sent out to the student and parent on a regular basis. 1: A. Mabbott
Mo 3:00 PM-4:00 PM • We 3:00 PM-4:00 PM • Fr 3:00 PM-4:00 PM
$500.00
Modern Languages
French 1French1.jpgFrench 1 through live classes with Audio (Zoom) and the Scholars Online Chat: At the end of the first-year program, it is hoped that the student will have reached an A1 level as defined by the Council of Europe scale. This is a level of basic communication about the speakers’ immediate concrete needs, his or her background, the world surrounding him or her, and everyday routines. The program focuses on communication skills, grammar, vocabulary, and culture. The grammar allows for formation of simple sentences and questions in the present and in the past. The vocabulary includes words necessary for everyday life such as the family, school, shopping, numbers, etc. The cultures of the French-speaking world are also presented with topics such as greetings, the café, the French family, sports and leisure, friendship, travel in France, and many more. All areas of communication, speaking, listening, reading, and writing are practiced. The material is presented through a textbook which uses real French documents and media. Ample audio and visual material is provided in the integrated multimedia Supersite. Students do exercises in an online workbook which allows the teacher to give immediate feedback. Students are expected to spend at least thirty minutes to one hour a day studying at home. The most important part of the class, however, is the two weekly hours of online class time, where students put what they are learning into practice and gain confidence in their communication skills. Please be prepared to use Zoom for the audio/video portion of the test and for marker board interaction. 1: A. Dascalu Nelson
We 1:00 PM-2:00 PM • Fr 1:00 PM-2:00 PM
$550.00
French 2French2.jpgFrench 2 with live Audio (Zoom) and Scholars Online Chat: The second-year program adds to the students’ ability to express complex ideas and reasoning. It is hoped that they will reach a A2 level according to the Council of Europe scale. At this level, students should understand the main points of clear conversations and should be able to manage most situations while traveling. In addition, they should be able to speak simply about their personal interests as well as events, plans, and dreams. All four areas of expression, reading, writing, listening, and speaking are practiced. The material is presented through a textbook which uses real French documents and media. Ample audio and visual material is provided on the integrated multimedia Supersite. Students do exercises in an online workbook which allows the teacher to give immediate feedback. The most important part of the class, however, is the two weekly hours of online class time, where students put what they are learning into practice and gain confidence in their communication skills. Please be prepared to use Zoom for the audio/video portion of the test and for marker board interaction. 1: A. Dascalu Nelson
We 11:00 AM-12:00 PM • Fr 11:00 AM-12:00 PM
$550.00
Philosophy
Introduction to AristotleAristotle.jpgAristotle was a brilliant philosopher who raised many questions that continue to interest us today: what kinds of things exist (and what does "exist" mean); how do things change; what does it mean for one thing to cause another; what should I do to have a good life (what is happiness); are there moral duties; are there rules of logical thought; what does it mean for a statement to be true; what is the difference between knowledge and opinion (what is truth); can there be an infinity of things; is there a God? Learning about Aristotle provides an introduction to all of these questions and thus to many aspects of philosophy as it is carried on today. Aristotle reacted to the theories of other ancient Greek philosophers, so studying Aristotle will provide an introduction to those other figures as well. Aristotle's work was very influential in the Middle Ages and remains valuable today.1: K. Oles
Fr 12:00 PM-1:00 PM
$500.00
Science
Natural Science INaturalScience.jpgNatural Science is a unique two-year course for junior high and early high school students, designed to provide the background and skills in earth, life, and physical sciences necessary for success in intensive college-preparatory courses in the sciences, specifically Scholars Online's Honors and AP compliant courses in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Astronomy. Adults wishing to gain a new perspective on science or refresh their understanding of key concepts are also welcome to take the course. Using a wide range of internet readings, simulations, and videos, we explore the core concepts of modern science in their social and historical contexts, rather than as abstract theories isolated from each other or their historical roots. Discover the basic principles underlying both the physical and life sciences, including matter theory, motion and force, energy, electricity and magnetism, classification of living things, ecology, evolution, and cellular biology, see how these apply to the sciences of geology, meteorology, astronomy, oceanography, zoology and botany, and learn how some theories were readily accepted while others were challenged for both scientific and social reasons as we move through the history of scientific ideas from the ancient world to our own time. Learn to apply and recognize the limitations and advantages of scientific methodology, experimental and observational methods, to use mathematical methods for data analysis, and to appreciate not only the interrelations between different areas of scientific knowledge, but how the methods of critical analysis of observations developed, and how social forces shaped modern science. The first year covers astronomy, biology, matter theory, engineering, and mathematics during ancient, medieval, and Renaissance periods. For more information on how this course fits into the Scholars Online Science Curriculum, please read the Science Curricum Design page. This course is taught using the Scholars Online Chat software, which allows the teacher to embed graphics, mathematical equations, and movies in the chat session, with complete logging available for the entire year. Audio software is deliberately not used, as a means of enforcing students students to think clearly and write precisely. [Students with limited online bandwidth can also participate fully in the course.] 1: C. McMenomy
Fr 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$500.00
Natural Science IINaturalScience2.jpgNatural Science is a unique two-year course for junior high and early high school students, designed to provide the background and skills in earth, life, and physical sciences necessary for success in intensive college-preparatory courses in the sciences, specifically Scholars Online's courses in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Astronomy. Adults wishing to gain a new perspective on science or refresh their understanding of key concepts are also welcome to take the course. Using a wide range of internet readings, simulations, and videos, we explore the core concepts of modern science in their social and historical contexts, rather than as abstract theories isolated from each other or their historical roots. Discover the basic principles underlying both the physical and life sciences, including matter theory, motion and force, energy, electricity and magnetism, classification of living things, ecology, evolution, and cellular biology, see how these apply to the sciences of geology, meteorology, astronomy, oceanography, zoology and botany, and learn how some theories were readily accepted while others were challenged for both scientific and social reasons as we move through the history of scientific ideas from the ancient world to our own time. Learn to apply and recognize the limitations and advantages of scientific methodology, experimental and observational methods, to use mathematical methods for data analysis, and to appreciate not only the interrelations between different areas of scientific knowledge, but how the methods of critical analysis of observations developed, and how social forces shaped modern science. The second year covers the development of modern science since the Renaissance, including the development of chemistry, thermodynamics, genetics, quantum mechanics, relativity, information science, ecology and cosmology. . For more information on how this course fits into the Scholars Online Science Curriculum, please read the Science Curricum Design page. This course is taught using the Scholars Online Chat software, which allows the teacher to embed graphics, mathematical equations, and movies in the chat session, with complete logging available for the entire year. Audio software is deliberately not used, as a means of enforcing students students to think clearly and write precisely. [Students with limited online bandwidth can also participate fully in the course.] 1: C. McMenomy
Th 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$500.00
BiologyBiology.jpgBiology builds on concepts of matter and living organisms acquired in junior high or basic chemistry, working from the simplest living materials to complex systems by showing students how organic molecules and simple metabolic reactions form the components of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, supply the processes of cellular respiration and photosynthesis, and the promote the transmission of genetic information from one cell generation to the next.. Once these basic concepts have been established, we look at how modern biologists apply their implications and conclusions to explain the unity and diversity of life, including evolution theory and the evidence offered for speciation. We will investigate the anatomy and physiology of animals with an emphasis on the human body and current health issues, then look at similar structures and processes within plants. Our final unit synthesizes field observations to help us understand individual organisms as part of complex environmental systems. REQUIRED LAB WORK: Students must complete twelve basic biology labs for course credit. This course is taught using the Scholars Online Chat software, which allows the teacher to embed graphics, mathematical equations, and movies in the chat session, with complete logging available for the entire year. Audio software is not used to allow students with limited internet access to participate fully, and to encourage precise thinking and writing skills.1: C. McMenomy
Mo 9:00 AM-10:30 AM • We 9:00 AM-10:30 AM
$625.00
AstronomyAstronomy.jpgIntroduction to the principles of modern astronomy, including basic constellation recognition, apparent motions of celestial objects, development of the Copernican model of the solar system, telescope optics, characteristics of solar system planets, stellar structure and life cycles, and current theories on the origin of the universe. This course is taught using the Scholars Online Chat software, which allows the teacher to embed graphics, mathematical equations, and movies in the chat session, with complete logging available for the entire year. Audio software is not used to allow students with limited internet access to participate fully, and to encourage precise thinking and writing skills.1: C. McMenomy
Tu 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$500.00
ChemistryChemistry.jpgChemistry builds on concepts of matter and chemical reactions acquired in junior high or basic chemistry by introducing more advanced methods of chemical analysis and more detailed models of atomic structure, electron configurations, and chemical bonds. Using these tools, we explore aspects of acid-base and precipitation reactions, simple solution preparation, chemical equilibria, and energy. We then look at the factors affection reaction rates, especially for reactions in solutions and electric cells. Additional topics may include environmental chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, and the characteristics of chemical families, depending on student interest. REQUIRED LAB WORK: Students must complete three safety checkout labs, then design, plan, and carry out nine labs (total 12 labs) for course credit. This course is taught using the Scholars Online Chat software, which allows the teacher to embed graphics, mathematical equations, and movies in the chat session, with complete logging available for the entire year. Audio software is not used to allow students with limited internet access to participate fully, and to encourage precise thinking and writing skills.1: C. McMenomy
Mo 11:00 AM-12:30 PM • We 11:00 AM-12:30 PM
$625.00
PhysicsPhysics.jpgPhysics builds on concepts of matter, force, and energy acquired in junior high by introducing more advanced methods of mathematical, dimensional, and graphical analysis to explore the fundamentals of classical mechanics: force, energy, and momentum, and uses these to show how energy and momentum are conserved in linear, circular, and rotational motion, as well as systems in equilibrium. During spring semester, we will use similar tools and methods to explore electricity, magnetism, optics, relativity, quantum mechanics, and nuclear physics. REQUIRED LAB WORK: Students must design, plan, and carry out twelve labs for course credit. This course is taught using the Scholars Online Chat software, which allows the teacher to embed graphics, mathematical equations, and movies in the chat session, with complete logging available for the entire year. Audio software is not used to allow students with limited internet access to participate fully, and to encourage precise thinking and writing skills.1: C. McMenomy
Mo 1:00 PM-2:30 PM • We 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$625.00
Writing
Cursus Scriptorum: Writing With Honors Cursus.jpgThe Cursus Scriptorum is the Scholars Online writing program: designed to be as rigorous and comprehensive as possible, following an innovative individualized process, and taking the form of an academic game. The course is asynchronous, to allow students to proceed at their own pace and to allow those with crowded schedules to enroll; it is not given for a grade or for formal credit, but purely for the development of the skills. Work submitted to other courses may be used here with the teacher’s approval. See the course description page for more details.1: B. McMenomy
TBD with enrolled students.
$550.00
Writing for the College-boundWritingCB.jpgExpository writing in an academic setting imposes specific demands on the high school and college student. Writing clear prose that presents a position in a compelling manner is a fundamental skill not only for college work but for every citizen participating in civil discourse in a democracy. Using a proven sequence of exercises, students will learn how to identify different kinds of essay questions, organize evidence in an orderly manner, avoid logical fallacies and vague generalizations, and proofread their final drafts for common errors. Students who required a self-paced asynchronous approach or wish to focus first on specific grammatical skills should consider the Cursus scriptorum course. 1: C. McMenomy
Fr 1:00 PM-2:30 PM
$500.00

Scholars Online is fully accredited through the Middle States Accreditation Commissions on Elementary and Secondary Schools.